Legumes and pulses

Soya

Soya is one of the oldest cultivated plants. The history of cultivation of this culture is estimated at least five thousand years. This is the most common thing among legumes and oilseeds. It is widely used as food, feed and technical culture. They make butter, milk and milk substitutes, flour. Soybean oil makes up about 30% of the world's vegetable oils. Soy flour is used as a protein supplement. The popularity of edible soy is due to the following characteristics:

- high productivity;

- very high (up to 50%) protein content

- the presence in the composition of B vitamins, iron, calcium, potassium, essential amino acids and essential polyunsaturated fatty acids (linoleic and linolenic);

- the possibility of preventing osteoporosis and cardiovascular disease;

Due to all that, soy is often used as an inexpensive and useful substitute for meat and dairy products, and not only by people with low incomes, but also by people who refused on meat for any reason or for example, vegetarians. Also, soybeans are part of the feed of young farm animals. Soybean meal is widely involved in the meat and dairy industry and is part of many meat products. Soybean is a non-waste culture, all parts of the plant are processed into more than four hundred types of various products.

Chickpea

Chickpea is a food product, one of the most ancient legumes: in the Middle East, it began to grow more than 7 thousand years ago. Common in countries of West and Central Asia, North Africa, North America. Hummus and falafel snacks are made of that. The fried beans are called Lelebee. Chickpeas are widely used in vegan, vegetarian and Indian cuisine. Traditionally, the use of chickpeas is actual for the Mediterranean region. Chickpea is used to produce chickpea flour, used in particular in Indian cuisine. And, for example, in Italian cuisine it’s used to make flat cakes - farinatas, but the volumes of chickpea cultivation in Italy itself are insignificant. White seed varieties are mainly used for food. Heat treatment takes more time than for lentils and peas. Chickpea seeds serve as a source of zinc, folic acid. Chickpea seeds contain about 20-30% protein, 50-60% carbohydrates, up to 7% fat (mostly polyunsaturated) and about 12% of other substances, including the essential amino acid lysine, vitamins B1, B6, as well as minerals. The stems and leaves contain a significant amount of oxalic and malic acids.

Bean

Haricot beans are a valuable food and feed crop. The proteins of beans are close to the proteins of meat and are absorbed by the body by 75%. Among pulses food crops, beans are second most popular after soybeans. It is especially widespread in the countries of South America and Europe, they love and appreciate it in China. It is important in the diet of many southern peoples. Soup, side dishes, and canned food can be cooked from the beans.
Due to its high potassium content, it is used in diet with atherosclerosis and cardiac arrhythmias. The bean cusps are commonly used in medicine and are known as Phaseoli pericarpium. Pod extract lowers blood sugar and increases diuresis. Haricot beans are included in the collection "Arfazetin" used for diabetes.

Green Lentils

Valuable drought-resistant food and fodder leguminous crop, food product.

One of the oldest crops. Widely cultivated as a food and feed plant. For many Asian peoples, lentils are one of the most important sources of protein, able to replace the nutritional properties of bread, cereals and even meat.

Red Lentils

Valuable drought-resistant food and fodder leguminous crop, food product.

One of the oldest crops. Widely cultivated as a food and feed plant. For many Asian peoples, lentils are one of the most important sources of protein, able to replace the nutritional properties of bread, cereals and even meat.

Yellow Peas

Fresh peas are often consumed as a side dish, with boiled and seasoned butter and / or mint. Salt and pepper are usually also added to peas, but when it is already served. Fresh peas are also used to prepare meat pie baked in a pot (form), salads and casseroles of rice or potatoes with vegetables. Peas are boiled and used for soups and main dishes, such as pea porridge. Nowadays, peas are usually cooked or stewed. Heating destroys cell walls and makes the taste more sweet, and nutrients more accessible. Pea soup is eaten in many other parts of the world, including Northern and Central Europe, in Russia, Iran, Iraq and India. Processed peas are mature peas that have been dried, soaked, and then undergone hot processing to prevent spoilage. Ready-made peas are sometimes sold dried and coated with wasabi, salt or other spices.

Green Peas

Fresh peas are often consumed as a side dish, with boiled and seasoned butter and / or mint. Salt and pepper are usually also added to peas, but when it is already served. Fresh peas are also used to prepare meat pie baked in a pot (form), salads and casseroles of rice or potatoes with vegetables. Peas are boiled and used for soups and main dishes, such as pea porridge. Nowadays, peas are usually cooked or stewed. Heating destroys cell walls and makes the taste more sweet, and nutrients more accessible. Pea soup is eaten in many other parts of the world, including Northern and Central Europe, in Russia, Iran, Iraq and India. Processed peas are mature peas that have been dried, soaked, and then undergone hot processing to prevent spoilage. Ready-made peas are sometimes sold dried and coated with wasabi, salt or other spices.

Spring vetch

The most common type of annual forage plant. Good forage, which provides animals with nutritious foods high in protein. Spring vetch is most common in field grass seeding. It cultivated for hay, green fodder, silage and grain. Green mass, crushed seeds and grains are well eaten by all types of animals.

Spring vetch can be sown several times during the summer. This is one of the most important cultural traditions in the green conveyor. It was a mixture in cereals. The most widespread is the oatmeal mixture.

Winter vetch

The most common type of annual forage plant. Good forage, which provides animals with nutritious foods high in protein. Spring vetch is most common in field grass seeding. It cultivated for hay, green fodder, silage and grain. Green mass, crushed seeds and grains are well eaten by all types of animals.

Spring vetch can be sown several times during the summer. This is one of the most important cultural traditions in the green conveyor. It was a mixture in cereals. The most widespread is the oatmeal mixture.

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